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Nontaxable Employee Benefits to Boost Satisfaction and Retention
Discover the most sought-after nontaxable employee benefits you should be offering to keep your employees engaged, motivated, and loyal to your company.
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Every year, you hear stories of employers with deep pockets promoting trendy perks to attract and retain their staff. And yet, year over year, employees rank health-related benefits at the top of their wish list.
What does that mean to the average small or midsize business owner wanting to compete with large employers for talent?
It means you should worry less about the latest fad and focus more on providing nontaxable health and health-related benefits for your employees.
Here at Stratus HR, we can help you boost employee satisfaction and retention with comprehensive nontaxable benefits solutions. From accessing top-tier benefits to seamless administration and expert guidance, we've got you covered. Book a free consultation today and let us transform your employee benefits strategy.
How Do Nontaxable Employee Benefits Differ From Taxable Benefits?
A fringe benefit is any type of compensation beyond salary or wages that companies offer to attract and retain employees. Depending on your business, its budget, and your strategy to compete for talent, a fringe benefits package typically includes some combination of both nontaxable and taxable employee benefits.
In most cases, employers promote their nontaxable health-related benefits for recruiting purposes, whereas taxable fringe benefits are usually offered during the course of employment as perks to motivate and inspire employees.
While there may be some overlap when limits are exceeded, the primary difference between nontaxable and taxable employee benefits is how the IRS views them for tax purposes.
What are nontaxable employee benefits?
Nontaxable employee benefits are those that meet specific regulations of Section 2 of the Internal Revenue Code to be excluded from Social Security and Medicare, federal unemployment (FUTA), and federal income tax withholding. In most instances, these benefits are not reported on Form W-2.
According to IRS Publication 15-B, nontaxable employee benefits include:
- Accident and health benefits
- Achievement awards
- Adoption assistance
- Athletic facilities
- De minimis benefits
- Dependent care assistance
- Educational assistance
- Employee discounts
- Employee stock options
- Employer-provided cell phones
- Group-term life insurance coverage
- Lodging on your business premises
- No-additional-cost services
- Retirement planning services
- Transportation (commuting) benefits
- Tuition reduction
- Working condition benefits
Several of these nontaxable benefits can be broken down into more specific benefit offerings, and many have dollar limit maximums each year. Be sure your payroll team is familiar with the special rules identified for each of these fringe benefits, as outlined in Table 2-1 of the IRS Publication.
What are taxable employee benefits?
Taxable fringe benefits are everything else you offer to employees as perks, with the exception of those deemed “de minimis benefits.” In other words, if it is not specifically included in the tax code to be excluded from taxes, it is likely a taxable employee benefit and must be reported on Form W-2.
While the list could be endless, traditional examples of taxable employee benefits include:
- Gift cards or gift certificates
- Paid vacations
- Personal use of a company car, such as commuting or use on weekends
- Employee expense reimbursements that have no receipts for accounting
- Life insurance policies over $50,000 coverage
- Anything paid in surplus of the IRS maximum caps for nontaxable employee benefits
When in doubt, the fringe benefit you would like to offer is probably taxable.
What are “de minimis” fringe benefits?
A “de minimis” fringe benefit is something that is so small and infrequent that accounting for it would be administratively impractical. Common examples of de minimis fringe benefits include:
- Movie tickets
- Theater or sports tickets
- Breakroom snacks and soft drinks
- Coffee cups
- Flowers for a special occasion
- Holiday gifts like a turkey or ham
A key element of a de minimis benefit is that it cannot be a form of disguised compensation. This means cash and cash equivalents like gift cards cannot be considered de minimis fringe benefits; they are taxable income.
Are employer reimbursements considered taxable or nontaxable fringe benefits?
Reimbursements are nontaxable on behalf of the employer to the employee when it is a true reimbursement. This is because the employee would have already paid for these services with post-tax earnings.
In order to legally be reimbursable, employees must submit receipts for their business- or health-related benefit. Common examples include internet service, personal cell phones, per diem for travel expenses, gym memberships, fitness classes and competitions, etc.
Why would employers offer both nontaxable employee benefits and taxable fringe benefits?
While every employee is motivated differently, nontaxable employee benefits like health, dental, 401(k), and other tax-excluded benefits are key to recruiting and retaining talent. They are major drivers for workers considering a new position and play a significant role with deterring employees from leaving.
That doesn’t mean that taxable and nontaxable de minimis fringe benefits do not contribute to retaining employees.
Part of your Human Resources Manager’s role is to understand what motivates your staff to boost productivity, improve morale, increase loyalty, and reduce employee turnover. This all plays into your HR strategy to reach your company’s goals, meaning your total compensation package of both taxable and nontaxable employee benefits may look differently than your competitor’s.
Top 10 Nontaxable Employee Benefits
Of all the IRS-approved nontaxable fringe benefit categories, here are the top 10 nontaxable employee benefits to offer your staff.
1. Health insurance
Despite the annual rise in cost, health insurance continues to outrank all other benefits and perks by employees -- and should be your top priority, too, for maintaining healthy and productive workers.
2. Retirement plan
Offering a retirement plan provides employees with a tool to save for retirement, shows workers you care about their long-term financial well-being, and provides you with matching options to encourage retention.
3. Flexible Spending Accounts (FSAs) and Health Savings Accounts (HSAs)
Whether you offer an FSA, HSA, or both, allowing employees to set aside tax-free dollars for health expenses provides a unique advantage over employers who do not offer this type of benefit.
4. Education and tuition assistance
Employees who increase their education or learn new skills have better overall health, improved self-worth, and develop more opportunities for career growth.
5. Childcare and dependent care assistance
Supporting working parents with childcare or dependent care assistance has been critical to increase applicant pools, reduce absenteeism, and increase retention.
6. Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs)
EAPs are a cost-effective support system to help employees deal with personal problems that may be interfering with their job performance.
7. Life and disability insurance
Life and disability insurance protect workers from potentially devastating financial losses to their families, in the event of an unforeseen accident.
8. Wellness programs
Inspire your team to be healthier with a wellness program and receive big benefits to your bottom line like an increase in productivity, a decrease in sick days, lower health insurance claims, and fewer workers’ compensation claims.
9. Transportation benefits
Providing transportation benefits not only helps the environment and your community's goodwill, but it means less of your employees’ paychecks will be spent on fuel and car maintenance.
10. Flexible work arrangements
Finding ways to implement work-from-home arrangements, hybrid work schedules, or other flexible work schedules can be your strategic staffing solution for an employee-friendly labor market.
How do I Start Implementing Nontaxable Employee Benefits?
Setting up a nontaxable employee benefit plan can be overwhelming. The easiest route is to partner with a third-party administrator that can also help you manage the day-to-day administration tasks of offering benefits.
Partnering with a PEO like Stratus HR provides you access to Fortune 500 employee benefits at economies-of-scale pricing. This levels the playing field for small and midsize businesses competing for talent with large companies. And most Stratus offerings are voluntary, meaning employees can pick and choose which benefits they want.
Stratus HR also assumes all benefits administration duties, including filing paperwork to create a nontaxable plan, enrolling employees, setting up deductions, remitting payments, and reconciling bills. You can even direct all benefits-related inquiries from your employees to our Stratus benefits team to answer their questions and help them manage their claims.
For more information, please book a free consultation and our team will contact you shortly.